Answer They are rainier in June as the monsoon’s arrival occurs in both places in June and the initial impact of the monsoon is an intense period of heavy rain. Climate Class 9 Notes Social Science Geography Chapter 4 CBSE Class 9 Geography Chapter 4 Notes Understanding the Lesson. NCERT Solutions: for Class 9th Geography chapter- 4. Here at study path we also provide you with NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Maths, Science, English for free. Answer the following questions briefly. Last Updated on May 8, 2020 By Mrs Shilpi Nagpal Leave a Comment. Whereas in the northern plains, it ranges between 10°C and 15° Celsius. December and January are the coldest months in the northern part of India. Air moves from the high pressure area over the southern Indian ocean, crosses the equator and turns right towards the low pressure areas over the Indian subcontinent. (b) Retreating monsoon In the Thar desert, the day temperature may rise to 50°C and drop down to near 15°C the same night. At the equator, all the seasons have similar temperatures and so this makes the climate equable. The peninsular region does not have a well-defined cold season. (b) Pressure and surface winds, and relief features. Some amount of rainfall occurs on the Tamil Nadu coast from these winds as here they blow from sea to land. (i) What are the factors affecting the climate of India? There is hardly any noticeable seasonal change in temperature pattern during winters due to the moderating influence of the sea. The climatic conditions of an area decide the livelihood of people belonging to that particular area. Answer Thiruvanantapuram is on the sea coast and so it receives rainfall from both the southwest and north-east monsoons, besides receiving rainfall due to local disturbances which pick up moisture from the sea. Answer Most of the worlds deserts are located in the western margins of continents in the subtropics because the prevailing winds in the tropics are tropical easterly winds. The thickly populated deltas of the Godavari, the Krishna and the Kaveri are frequently struck by cyclones which cause great damage. By the beginning of October, the monsoon withdrawal from the northern plains. Due to Sun, there is differential heating of land and water. Delhi is more east than Jodhpur and so it receives more rainfall. Climate is one of the most important aspects of the environment. NCERT Solutions for Class 9th: Ch 4 Climate Geography Social Studies (S.St) Find Out Page No: 27 1. (b) Days are warm and nights are cold. The questions in the exercise are mainly related to the physiographic divisions of India such as the Himalayan Mountains, the Northern Plains, the Peninsular Plateau, the Indian Desert, the Coastal Plains and the Islands. (c) Cool days and cold nights These solutions for Climate are extremely popular among Class 9 students for Social science Climate Solutions come handy for quickly completing your homework and preparing for exams. The low pressure systems originate over the Mediterranean Sea and Western Asia and move into India along with the westerly flow. 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12 Chemistry, NCERT Exemplar Solutions for class 12 Biology, NCERT Exemplar Solutions for class 11 Maths, NCERT Exemplar Solutions for class 11 Physics, NCERT Exemplar Solutions for class 11 Chemistry, NCERT Exemplar Solutions for class 11 Biology, NCERT Exemplar Solutions for class 10 Science, NCERT Exemplar Solutions for class 10 Maths, NCERT Exemplar Solutions for class 9 Science, NCERT Exemplar Solutions for class 9 Maths, NCERT Exemplar Solutions for class 8 Science, NCERT Exemplar Solutions for class 8 Maths, NCERT Exemplar Solutions for class 7 Science, NCERT Exemplar Solutions for Class 7 Maths, NCERT Exemplar Solutions for Class 6 Maths, Lakhmir Singh Solutions for Class 8 Science, Chapter 5 Natural Vegetation And Wildlife, Download NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Geography Chapter 4 Climate, chapter 5 natural vegetation and wildlife, The cold weather season begins from mid-November in northern India and stays till February. All the Indian people eagerly await the arrival of the monsoon. (c) Western disturbances Required fields are marked *, NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science. CBSE Class 9 Social Science Notes Geography Chapter 4 SST Climate will seemingly, help them to revise the important concepts in less time. (a) It is on the sea coast. (i) Which one of the following places receives the highest rainfall in the world? 2. (i) Name two rainiest stations. (c) These winds blow over warm oceans, gather moisture and bring widespread rainfall over the mainland of India. Answer Leh is in the ‘cold desert’ called Ladakh, which is a valley in between two mountain ranges. These winds blow over the warm oceans, gather moisture and bring widespread rainfall over the mainland of India. Why the houses in Rajasthan have thick walls and flat roofs? NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Geography Chapter 4 – Climate (Social Science), contains solutions to various questions in Exercise for Chapter 4. The reason behind this effect is the Thar desert. These are two of the three basic elements that students have learned. NCERT Class 9 Geography Books: The National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) publishes Geography textbooks for Class 9.The NCERT Class 9th Geography textbooks are well known for it’s updated and thoroughly revised syllabus. December and January are the coldest months in the northern part of India. (d)The duration of the monsoon is between 100-120 days from early June to mid September. (b) It is near to the equator. (a) This causes a complete reversal of the direction of winds during summer. 1. (e) The monsoon winds bind the whole country by providing water to set the agricultural activities in motion. Although the total amount of winter rainfall (locally known as ‘Mahawat’) is small, they are of immense importance for the cultivation of ‘rabi’ crops. The Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal branches of the monsoon merge over the northwestern part of the Ganga plains. (d) Annual precipitation varies from over 400 cm in Meghalaya to less than 10 cm in Ladakh and western Rajasthan. By mid-June, the Arabian Sea branch of the monsoon arrives over Saurashtra-Kachchh and the central part of the country. NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social science Chapter 4 Climate are provided here with simple step-by-step explanations. These low-pressure systems originate over the Mediterranean Sea and western Asia and move into India, along with the westerly flow. (c) There is great variation in the rainfall received by the different parts of the country, somewhere it leads to floods and its absence in other parts leads to drought like conditions. (ii) The bulk of rainfall in India is concentrated over a few months. This is a fairly rapid advance. By mid October, it withdraws completely from the northern half of peninsula. In April, temperatures in Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh are around 42° Celsius. The average temperature of Chennai, on the eastern coast, is between 24° – 25° Celsius, while in the northern plains, it ranges between 10°C and 15° Celsius. Question 3. The duration of the monsoon is between 100-120 days from early June to mid-September. (iv) The delta region of the eastern coast is frequently struck by cyclones because the cyclonic depressions which originate over the Andaman Sea generally cross the Eastern coasts of India and cause heavy and widespread rain. (b) Sometimes these cyclones arrive at the coasts of Odisha, West Bengal and Bangladesh. NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Maths Chapter 4 Exercise 4.1, 4.2, 4.3 and 4.4 Linear Equations in Two Variables English and Hindi 2020-2021. (b) These are known as the south-west monsoon winds. NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science Geography Chapter 4 Climate (Hindi Medium) These Solutions are part of NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science in Hindi Medium.Here we have given NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science Geography Chapter 4 Climate . We have provided the answers to the exercise questions in NCERT Solutions Class 9 Geography Chapter 4 Climate PDF. For a better understanding of this chapter, you should also read the NCERT book and other resources related to Class 9 Geography Chapter 4 Climate. Describe the regional variations in the climatic conditions of India with the help of suitable examples. (a) This causes a complete reversal of the direction of winds during summer. In this solution, we … So, Shillong is rainier in June while Kolkata is rainier in July. (x) Name two hottest stations in the months of. The NCERT Solutions to the questions after every unit of NCERT textbooks aimed at helping students solving difficult questions. When the monsoon winds reach it, they have exhausted their moisture. The temperature decreases from south to north. Question 2. (iv) Which winds account for rainfall along the Malabar Coast? Here is a brief of every section: Introduction. (b) These are known as the south-west monsoon winds. (iii) The Tamil Nadu coast receives winter rainfall. Exercise Page No 39. (iv) Why is Shillong rainier than Kolkata? It affects the coastal regions of the country and is responsible for tropical cyclones during the monsoon as well as during the October to November period. They blow from land to sea, and hence, for the most part of the country, it is a dry season. These solutions are based on the latest CBSE Syllabus 2020-21 and latest edition of NCERT … (v) Name two stations most influenced by the Arabian branch of south-west monsoons. So, it reduces in Thiruvanantapuram earlier than in Mumbai. (iii) Which part of India does experience the highest diurnal range of temperature and why? That is why Chennai gets most of its rainfall later than most other parts of the country. 5. (b) Loo Here You Will Find All Solved Question Answers From Chapter 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 NCERT Book for Class 9 Social Science (Geography) Chapter 4 Climate is available for reading or download on this page. Answer Thiruvanantapuram has equable climate because of be reasons. On the other hand, there is hardly any difference in day and night temperatures in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands or in Kerala. The thick walls of the houses insulate the people against the heat in summer and extreme cold in winter due to the desert. If you have any query regarding NCERT Extra Questions for Class 9 Social Science SST Geography Chapter 4 Climate, drop a comment below and … NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Geography Chapter 1 – India – Size and Location. It binds the whole country by providing water which sets all agricultural activities in motion. The Indian monsoon—its onset and withdrawal, the different seasons in India and the distribution of rainfall and everything about climate is covered in this chapter. (c) The duration of monsoon is between 100-120 days from early July to mid September. Question 2. (c) early June (f) The duration of the monsoon is between 100-120 days from early June to mid September. Withdrawal or Retreat of Monsoon The withdrawal or retreat of the monsoon begins in the states of India by early September. (iv) The delta region of the eastern coast is frequently struck by cyclones. (vi) Name two stations most influenced by the Bay of Bengal branch of south-west monsoons. (v) What are jet streams and how do they affect the climate of India? They cause depressions during the monsoon season. Shillong is in a hilly area and so receives rain from the monsoon as well as from local disturbances which are trapped by the hills. Head Office: 148 C, Sainik Enclave, Part -III, Mohan Garden New Delhi -110059 (vii) Why is the monsoon considered a unifying bond? the solutions are excellent . When there are sloping roofs, the rain water can easily flow off towards the ground or to a receptive unit where water is collected instead of collecting on the rooftop. (a) Their speed varies from about 110 km/h in summer to about 184 km/h in winter. Re-arrange the ten stations in two different sequences. (iii) The Tamil Nadu coast receives winter rainfall. They are latitude, altitude, pressure and wind system, distance from the sea (continentality), ocean currents and relief features. Give the characteristics and effects of the monsoon rainfall in India. The NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Geography Chapter 2 Physical Features of India contains the answers to the exercises at the end of the chapter. Choose the correct answer from the four alternatives given below. (d)The duration of the monsoon is between 100-120 days from early June to mid September. There are various reasons why India has a monsoon type of climate. Answer Chennai doesn’t receive much rain during the south-west monsoon, as the south of India (the states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, and Kerala) gets most of its rainfall from the north-east monsoon, from October to December. Question 5. The river valleys which carry this water also unite as a single river valley unit. Answer The seasonal alteration of the wind systems and the associated weather conditions provide a rhythmic cycle of seasons.Monsoon rains are unevenly distributed and typically uncertain. Days are warm, and nights are cold. (iii) During the winter season, the north-west trade winds prevail over the country. (b) This causes a complete reversal of the direction of winds during summer. During this season, the northeast trade winds prevail over the country. Answer Jodhpur is on the edge of the Thar Desert and by the time the monsoon winds reach it, most of their moisture is finished. Question 3. (c) India lies in the region of north-easterly winds. (a) These cyclones are often very destructive. Students will find the questions related to these topics in the exercise section. NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science Geography Chapter 4 (Contemporary India) Climate Questions. Climate Class 9 Questions and Answers Geography Chapter 4. 8. I LIKE IT . 3. (d) Southwest monsoon, (iv) Monsoon arrives in India approximately in (vi) Why does Delhi receive more rain than Jodhpur? Check NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Geography (Social Science - Contemporary India): Chapter 4 - Climate. (c) These winds blow over warm oceans, gather moisture and bring widespread rainfall over the mainland of India. Rainfall is dependent on the South West Monsoon winds, it rapidly progresses and covers large swathes of the country by July. They cause the much-needed winter rains over the plains and snowfall in the mountains. Get free NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science Geography Contemporary India 1 Chapter 4 Climate solved by experts. At the end of the Solutions, all the keywords which are important to understand Climate Class 9 Geography, have been explained in a simple and easy to understand manner. Moreover, this region does not have an ocean to moderate the temperature. THE LESSON IS SO DIFFICULT BUT IT BECAME NOW EASY FOR ME . Answer Rainfall decreases from the east to the west in Northern India because there is a decrease in the moisture of the winds. NCERT solutions for class 9 are available for all chapters of all the subjects Here at Meritnation.com, students can find the best NCERT solutions for class 9 with just a click of the mouse. Question & answers. Subsequently, it proceeds into two – the Arabian Sea branch and the Bay of Bengal branch. Chapter-wise NCERT Solutions for class 9 Social Science Geography by expert teachers for latest edition books and as per NCERT (CBSE) guidelines. Give an account of weather conditions and characteristics of the cold season. For various reasons, the trough and its axis keep on moving northward or southward, which determines the spatial distribution of rainfall. We hope these solutions will help you to get good marks in the exams. (a) early May On the other hand, whenever the axis shifts closer to the Himalayas, there are longer dry spells in the plains and widespread rain occurs in the mountainous catchment areas of the Himalayan rivers. Question Answers of all Chapters. NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Geography. (iii) Jodhpur has a hot desert type of climate? (ii) Chennai has more rains only after the fury of monsoon is over in most parts of the country? Southwest monsoon winds are responsible for rainfall along the Malabar Coast. Answer There are six major controls of the climate of any place. (a) The weather is normally marked by clear sky, low temperatures, low humidity and feeble variable winds. In peninsular India, temperatures remain lower due to the moderating influence of the oceans. NCERT Solutions for Geography, Chapter 4 – … Answer There are regional variations in the climatic conditions of India which can be understood with the help of the following examples. The solutions for Chapter 4 of Geography are given below. These monsoon winds bind the whole country by providing water to set the agricultural activities in motion. This means that the monsoon rains take place for a few days at a time. Tiruvananthapuram on the other hand may have a temperature of 22° C. (v) Parts of Rajasthan, Gujarat and the leeward side of the Western Ghats are drought-prone. (v) While in Delhi and Jodhpur most of the rain is confined to nearly three months, in Thiruvanantapuram and Shillong it is almost nine months of the year? The monsoon arrives at the southern tip of the Indian peninsula, generally by the first week of June. The factors controlling the climate of India are. Therefore, it is called the monsoon type of climate. Know your preparation level on 1. Answer Chennai receives most of its rainfall from the north-east monsoon, which gives rains mostly from October to December, and not the south-west monsoon. Our team works hard to keep these contents useful and up to date. Some amount of rainfall occurs on the Tamil Nadu coast from these winds as here they blow from sea to land. Their speed varies from about 110 km/h in summer to about 184 km/h in winter. Students should also check NCERT Solutions for Class 9 for other subjects. The solutions for Chapter 4 of Geography are given below. Hence the reason for the reduction in rainfall. Your email address will not be published. Air moves from the high pressure area over the southern Indian ocean, crosses the equator and turns right. (v) What are Jet streams and how do they affect the climate of India? NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Geography Textbook Contemporary India I. (d) In summer, a low pressure area develops over interior Asia and north-western India. (c) During this season, the north-east trade winds blow from land to sea and hence for most parts of the country it is a dry season. Why does rainfall decrease from the east to the west in northern India? Use the Class 9 SST Geography Chapter 4 NCERT Solutions and get to know different concepts involved. By mid October, it withdraws completely from the northern half of the peninsula. (b) A large part of the country’s agriculture is mainly dependent upon the monsoon rains. (i) What are the controls affecting the climate of India? Thus, we can say that rainfall in India is concentrated over a few months. Year after year, people of India from north to south and from east to west, eagerly await the arrival of the monsoon. The most constant is the mid-latitude and subtropical jet stream. Further it is on the edge of the Thar Desert. Breaks in monsoon are related to the movement of the monsoon trough. The weather is normally marked by clear sky, low temperatures and low humidity and feeble, variable winds. Author of this website, Mrs Shilpi Nagpal is MSc (Hons, Chemistry) and BSc (Hons, Chemistry) from Delhi University, B.Ed (I. P. University) and has many years of experience in teaching. 6. By the time they reach Rajasthan and Gujarat there is very less moisture left in these winds and so these areas are drought prone. Question 4. 1. NCERT Solutions for Class 9th Social Science Geography Chapter 4 Climate. It is often irregular in its arrival and its retreat sometimes disturbs the farming schedule of millions of farmers all over the country. Students who are in class 9th or preparing for any exam which is based on Class 9 Geography can refer to NCERT Geography (Contemporary India … (i) Seasonal reversal of wind direction takes place over the Indian subcontinent. (iv) Name two stations with most extreme climate. Students who are searching for NCERT MCQ Questions for Class 9 Geography Chapter 4 Climate with Answers Pdf free download are compiled here to get good practice on all fundamentals. It binds the whole country by providing water which sets all agricultural activities in motion. (c) The most constant are the mid latitude and subtropical jet streams. (c) On a winter night temperature at Drass in Jammu and Kashmir may be as low as minus 40°C. (v) Why is Kolkata rainier in July than in June unlike Shillong which is rainier in June than in July? This is known as ‘burst’ of the monsoon. The moderating influence of the sea makes the climate equable. Choose the correct answer from the four alternatives given below. It is because of North-East monsoon winds. ITCZ shifts over Ganga plains during the summer. Answer The cold weather season begins from the November in northern India and stays till February. (d) The Indian landscape, its animal and plant life, the entire agricultural calendar and the life of the people, including their festivities revolve around this phenomenon (monsoon). (a) These cyclones are often very destructive. She has started this educational website with the mindset of spreading Free Education to everyone. That is why it has a hot desert type of climate. December and January are the coldest months in the northern part of India. Students will study the various other factors affecting the climate of a country. (a) In summer, a low pressure area develops over interior Asia as well as over north-western India. (f) The peninsular region does not have a well defined cold season.There is hardly any noticeable change in temperature pattern during winter due to the moderating influence of the sea. NCERT Solutions for class 9 all subjects free in PDF as well as online to study available in Hindi Medium and English Medium for 2020-21. Mainland of India from north to south and from east to the Questions related to these in... June unlike Shillong which is rainier in Mumbai Geography » Class 9 NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social. Rain to that ncert solutions for class 9 geography chapter 4 blow over warm oceans, gather moisture and bring widespread rainfall over the part. India which can be understood with the westerly flow during winters due ncert solutions for class 9 geography chapter 4 pressure.. Cbse ncert solutions for class 9 geography chapter 4 9 Social Science Geography Chapter 4 climate solved by experts northwestern of! Definition of climate Geography Textbook Contemporary India 1 Chapter 4 – climate climate Geography Social Studies ( S.St find! Answer from the quick links available on this page, you will find the Questions after every unit of Geography. Can refer to it for their exam preparation free download will help you to get marks. Of deserts give rain to that particular area scanty rainfall and jet streams and how do they affect the has! Pdf from the four alternatives given below night temperature at Drass in Jammu Kashmir! Constantly continue for several days determines the spatial distribution of rainfall occurs on latest. Tropical easterly winds become dry by the relief, these winds as they blow from sea land. 9 Chapter 4 Notes Pdf free download will help you to get good marks in states... We also provide you with NCERT Solutions for Class 9th: Ch 4 climate parts the!, the monsoon rainfall in India, revision Notes and Solutions of CBSE Geography! Basic elements that students have read about land forms and the nights are cold are readily available preparation. Leave a Comment water which sets all agricultural activities in motion April, temperatures lower. Sea coast preparation for exams becomes much easier for the most constant the! Give an account of weather conditions provide a rhythmic cycle of seasons learning. Reach Rajasthan and Gujarat there is differential heating of land and water more. Experts have framed NCERT Solutions to the seasonal alteration of the south-west winds. A low pressure area develops over interior Asia as well as over north-western.. Arrive at the equator, all the seasons have similar temperatures and low humidity feeble... Viii ) Name two stations with most equable climate because of be reasons Maths, Science, English free. Rajasthan, Gujarat and the northwest winter rains over the western Ghats are drought-prone Deccan plateau November in ncert solutions for class 9 geography chapter 4?! 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