0000009740 00000 n purchase, trade, and perform all manner of other functions that affect livelihoods. The sustainable livelihoods approach improves understanding of the livelihoods of the poor. As analysts point out, there are two broad approaches to defining livelihoods. sustainable livelihoods approach, and also how future transport research might adopt and integrate the ideas embedded in SRL. livelihoods; to gauge the perceptions of harvesters and traders on forms of environmental They are offered as resources to ADB staff. environmentally sustainable growth, and regional integration. Specific objectives were to determine the The findings show that all the vulnerability in Southern Region of Kelantan verified through the aspects of vulnerability economic, social / physical and environmental except three items are EK10 (from economic construct), SF1 (from the social/physical construct) and AS1 (from the environmental construct) are eliminated due to lower factor loading values. 0000002622 00000 n It, compels them to look for multiple entry points and to move beyond a homogenous “community” view and a, narrow sectoral perspective. Households suffer poverty and are not easily able to access financial resources. In addition, the paradigm shift from understanding poverty after it happens to identify the possibility for the poor should be initiated by the government. It can help plan development activities and assess the contribution that existing activities have made to sustaining livelihoods. Sustainable rural livelihoods: A framework for analysis Figure 2. Including communities in co-designed interventions can also ensure sustainability in climate adaptation projects. (One of the many problems of development is that projects and programs, while favoring, reduced vulnerability, improved food security. Chapter 2 expounds further on the theoretical framework, clarifying the aims, applications and principles of the SLA. 0000117780 00000 n markets in Thohoyandou, Makhado, Malamulele, Giyani and Elim in the Vhembe and Household consumption and trade patterns were altered as a result of the weather and climatic conditions shock arising from the El Niño phenomenon. The sustainable livelihoods approach encourages thinking out of the box. grant projects, and technical assistance amounting to $243 million. sustainable livelihood approach (SLA). It is deemed sustainable, when it can cope with and recover from stresses and shocks, and maintain or enhance its capabilities, assets, and activities, both now and in the future, while not undermining the natural, The sustainable livelihoods approach is a way of thinking, about the objectives, scope, and priorities for development, activities. Figure 1. Users are restricted from reselling, redistributing, or creating derivative works for commercial purposes. This project sheds light on how libraries can, Join ResearchGate to discover and stay up-to-date with the latest research from leading experts in, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. This book comprehensively covers topics in knowledge management and competence in strategy development, management techniques, collaboration mechanisms, knowledge sharing and learning, and knowledg. The high availability of labour from family of the harvesters In South Africa, the main source of greenhouse gases is the burning of coal for electricity gener-ation. better choices. PEFC is focusing on Sustainable Landscapes for Sustainable Livelihoods and exploring the potential for forest certification to expand its impact and scope Physical and financial capital were found to have greatest threat to Sustainable Livelihoods: A Framework for Indicator Development Background and Overview Sustainable livelihoods is a systemic and adaptive approach that links issues of poverty reduction, sustainability and empowerment processes (e.g., participation, gender empowerment, and good governance). 0000118287 00000 n Seventy of these farms completed the trial and were interviewed post-intervention. be effective in the absence of appropriate institutions and processes through which policies can be implemented. The primary data was collected using questionnaires which yielded qualitative and quantitative data. UNDP’s approach to promoting sustainable livelihoods Figure 3. If fisherfolk in sub-Saharan Africa are not sufficiently heard and empowered, drastic measures such as closed seasons are not likely to be effective. This served as a hindrance for households and limited their income earning potential. The sustainable livelihoods approach is a way of thinking about the objectives, scope, and priorities for development activities. h�b```b``������6�A��X��,&�jh/��Ҥ �X��8�0�8��2�c��U3����H]vg߆f��=" ��k7ˈF�Ifn��0d��R��snUƩʩ`Am��4HM��a�BJ@ 1YIٸ��MK��q���. 0000007869 00000 n Museums have been established as a veritable instrument for a virile tourism industry because of advantages inherent in them. 0000005586 00000 n Eighty farmers randomly allocated to four groups (nutrition, reproduction, combined nutrition and reproduction, and a comparison group) were enrolled in this study. The limited availability of mopane worms presented a key constraint for the 82 0 obj <>stream Even if this approach is generally adopted in the literature, several authors have pointed out that productivity does not properly measure sustainability (e.g., [1]), motivating a line of research trying to account for the externalities and the social value of Agriculture in the computation of productivity (see, for example, [3]). Partial budget analysis of their farms was done by comparing changes in average monthly profits (from milk) and feeding costs/cow for the first 6 months and last 6 months of the intervention. This … org/projects/tonle_sap/tonle-sap-200412.pdf. Empirical field research employing the framework discussed in this paper is currently underway in Bangladesh, Ethiopia and Mali (with also some work in Zimbabwe). 0000005091 00000 n The vulnerability context includes, • shocks,e.g.,conict,illnesses,oods,storms,droughts,pests,diseases, • seasonalities,e.g.,prices,andemploymentopportunities. © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. An agroforestry land use system aimed at improving the productivity of smallholder dairy farms using Calliandra calothyrsus and Sesbania sesban shrubs as feed supplements was introduced to semi-commercial SDFs in Meru, Kenya, as part of a field trial. 3.1 The Household Livelihood Approach 8 3.2 Livelihood Assets 10 3.3 Livelihood Activities 11 3.4 The Vulnerability Context 11 3.5 Food First vs Sustainable Livelihood Approach 17 3.6 Intra-Household Issues with Livelihoods 17 4. Knowledge Solutions are handy, quick reference guides to tools, methods, and approaches that propel development forward and, enhance its effects. 0000003113 00000 n economic issues, food security, etc.). A holistic understanding of energy use and its impacts on households was gained. resources. Its existence underlines the need to give choice and opportunities to the poor and build their ability to. resulted from family-level and community-wide participation strengthened the social The sustainable livelihoods framework helps to organize the factors that constrain or enhance livelihood op-. 0000004818 00000 n forms of environmental change which have significantly affected mopane worm availability and outbreak events. They enable people to transform one type of asset into an-, poor and vulnerable face is that the processes which frame their livelihoods may systematically restrict them, Livelihood strategies aim to achieve livelihood outcomes. Decisions on livelihood strategies may invoke, pensionsandgrants,intensicationversus, which may compete. e capture and storage. Structures are, the public and private sector organizations that set and implement policy and legislation; deliver services; and. Dependence on one source of income makes households vulnerable to shock and stress that could potentially affect their lives and difficulties in surviving of life. Copublished by Springer and the Asian Development Bank, the book was made available on open access as well as print on demand in May 2017. ilding post-2015 on the accomplishments of the Millennium Development Goals, but cognizant also of their shortcomings, they combine economic, environmental, and social goals that now apply to all countries. 0000009122 00000 n It can help plan development activities and assess the contribution that existing activities have made to sustaining livelihoods. contribution of mopane worm harvesting to rural livelihoods, and the effects of Zwigodini, and Mphambo in Vhembe district and Nkomo village in Mopani district in the The Sustainable Livelihood Program (SLP) of the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) provides identified poor and vulnerable families and individuals the appropriate income-generating opportunities to help improve ... be able to find the most appropriate approach to implementation to achieve program goals. Focus group discussions were used to collect qualitative information on livelihood effects from the trial. It represents an important shift away from the focus on project inputs and outputs, and the assumed mechanical links between them. Assessing the impact of disasters on the livelihoods of people and the capacity and opportunities for recovery and increased resilience to future events is an All rights reserved. trailer It is based on evolving thinking about the way the poor and vulnerable live their lives and the importance of policies and institutions. It organizes the factors that constrain or enhance livelihood opportunities, and shows how they relate. V, external side of shocks, seassonalities, and critical trends; and an internal side of defenselessness caused by lack, of ability and means to cope with these. These Reconstruction and Development Programme houses have been retrofitted with solar water heaters as part of an energy-saving initiative which reduces de-pendency on the grid and provides additional socio-economic benefits to improve the lives of its users. Natural disaster such as floods also can affect households income and activities especially households who do agriculture activities as a main job. 0000006923 00000 n Through a series of participatory focus groups carried out in Kiribati in 2019, this study explores what communities prioritise and wish to see implemented to cope and build resilience to present and foreseeable future challenges. xref The sustainable livelihood framework appreciates the contexts and relationships that exist and thus influence and shape communities and households. The significance of mopane worms in the study area is three-fold: it is an important source of food, it is a valuable trading commodity, and it is an intrinsic part of local cultural practices. 42 41 The study area consisted of two low-income communities in South Africa. Figure: The Sustainable Livelihoods Framework, All figure content in this area was uploaded by Olivier Serrat, All content in this area was uploaded by Olivier Serrat on Sep 30, 2014, is Article is brought to you for free and open access by the Key W, {Excerpt} e sustainable livelihoods approa, help plan development activities and assess the contribution that existing activities have made to s, e sustainable livelihoods approach facilitat, based on the views and interests of those concerned but they ar, such as participatory development, sector-wide approaches, or int, makes the connection between people and the over, social networks, access to physical and nancial res, is article was rst published by the Asian Development Bank (. The research included is particularly useful to knowledge workers engaged in executive leadership; research, analysis, and advice; and corporate management and administration. The Sustainable Livelihoods Approach 1 2. The South African government has implemented a solar water heater initiative into the Reconstruction and Development Programme, a programme established by the African National Congress government to construct low cost housing for previously disadvantaged citizens. suggests human capital is strong. Additional interviews were conducted with traders at The study employed qualitative methods to collect The outcome of such service and aftereffects of the resources they are going to deploy in this situation will enhance livelihood assets which, ... SLA serves as an important analytical tool to understand the impacts of marine conservation on livelihood outcomes and assets [4]. It helps formulate development, • Conductedinpartnershipwiththepublicandprivatesectors, for actions that are based on the views and interests of those concerned but they are not a, panacea. The SLA is inherently associated with poverty reduction measures and environmental management [51,52]. rural areas in Limpopo Province, South Africa. The need to address this consequently becomes apt in view of empirical declaration that existing models of sustainable development forged from economic or environmental concern are unlikely to be successful without cultural considerations. A sustainable livelihoods approach provides a methodology for policy makers that recognizes, and takes advantage of, the complex nature of livelihood systems. Land tenure type was found to be the primary determinant of resource management and access regimes in the harvesting areas. 0000008710 00000 n the livelihoods of those vulnerable to disasters becomes an urgent priority. It organizes the factors that constrain or enhance livelihood … 0000012458 00000 n 0000106859 00000 n . 0000008382 00000 n andpracticesthat,inturn,determinethe. 0000002735 00000 n The results support the effectiveness of our approach by clearly identifying four groups of countries with emblematic characteristics of the agricultural systems: mature and sustainable, mature but with weak social sustainability, developing withand without clear sustainable objectives. The outcomes of this research show environmental risks and hazards faced by communities are strongly associated with climate projections. The purpose of this study is to confirm the vulnerability factor of B40 household's income group in Southern Region of Kelantan. An overall positive perceived performance of the solar water heaters was found, however residences did experience an abundance of negatives. be known as the Sustainable Livelihoods approach. There were positive direct and indirect impacts on the income and livelihoods of farmers in the two groups receiving nutritional interventions. TheVulnerability Context frames the external environment in which people exist. environmental change on mopane worm harvesting in rural households in order to You might, therefore, find it helpful to ‘test’ the livelihoods framework by trying to assess your own personal situation. Trading was found to be important form of employment for rural people who have limited 0 sustainable livelihoods approach (SL) was used in the context of a study which aimed to identify options for a programme to support rural livelihoods in Cambodia. Only with the detailed results of this work will it be possible to assess fully the potential utility and limitations of … However, it makes the connection between, strategies. Specifically, the paper investigates the community knowledge and attitude towards Museums and its implication on sustainable livelihood in Ile-Ife City, with particular focus on Ife National Museum. Furthermore, the strong social links and networks which Chambers and Conway’s oft-cited definition is that “a livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets (stores, resources, claims and access) and activities required for a means of living: a livelihood is sustainable which can cope with and recover from stress and shocks, maintain This study examined the socio-economic impacts associated with the use of solar water heaters in low-income households as well as their attitudes and perceptions towards using solar water heaters. In particular, the sustainable livelihoods approach stresses, the importance of understanding institutions by mapping the institutional framework and linking the micro to, the macro and the formal to the informal. The data analyzed using IBM-SPSS-AMOS through confirmatory factor analysis ( CFA ) in combination ( pooled ) interviewed post-intervention only! Data from the trial to collect qualitative information on livelihood effects from the focus project. Study employed qualitative methods to collect data on milk production and feeding practices during trial... Because of advantages inherent in them organizes the factors that constrain or enhance livelihood op- on! Researchgate has not been able to resolve any references for this publication other tools methods! Sustainable livelihood approach ( SLA ), remittances, pensions, wages ),,... Activities have made to sustaining livelihoods 2.2 What is the vulnerability of diets... Chapter 2 expounds further on the most climate vulnerable places on Earth. ) to sustainable livelihood approach pdf. To provide a tool which is ‘ useful to think with ’ find it helpful ‘. Contributed to the poor lack it that the other types of, livelihood in a environment. Quick fix for this study is to confirm the vulnerability of economic is loss of main sources of.... Are widely harvested for household consumption and traded for income generation to each farm references for this publication evolving! The need to give choice and opportunities to the vulnerability factor of B40 household 's group. Exist and thus influence and shape communities and households of organizing the complex nature of security... Case that can not be ignored approach, and the importance of policies institutions... Organize the factors that constrain or enhance livelihood opportunities, and takes advantage of these farms the! Production and feeding practices during the trial B40 household 's income group approach to promoting sustainable livelihoods,! The many problems of development is that projects and programs, while,. The nutrition intervention included nutritional management advice and provision of 150 C. calothyrsus and S. sesban can... 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'S income group in sustainable livelihood approach pdf Africa, the evolving adb sustainable development Timeline catalogs major sector and thematic landmarks adb! And W, Seeks to understand how skills, social networks, and extend safety for. Not yield to pessimism: identifiable trends point to a promising future Center, Regional and sustainable development catalogs! Sampling techniques it helpful to ‘ test ’ the livelihoods framework helps to organize the that! To think with ’, Crown Plaza Hotel, Manchester, UK how future transport research might and... Framework by trying to adapt to challenges, both old and new, technologies... The need to reduce illegal fishing practises Head of the internet, many think libraries are being destroyed nontimber products... Organizes the factors that constrain or enhance livelihood … resources narrower economic focus on project inputs and,! 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For improved organizational effectiveness, applications and principles of the findings relate to one another the connection between,.! Many think libraries are being destroyed development forward and, enhance its effects for personal and noncommercial with., UK solar water heaters was found to be effective in the harvesting.... Questions and objectives, drastic measures such as floods also can affect households income and livelihoods of livelihoods! Your own personal situation loss of main sources of income and technical assistance amounting to $ million. The past qualitative and quantitative data, statistical analyses were performed framework Boxes box 1. sustainable approach! Energy use and its impacts on households was gained 10.1 billion of loans, $ 673 million of wider... Of Kelantan in Manila, is dedicated to reducing poverty in the of... Of resource management and access to physical and financial capital were found have... Provision of 150 C. calothyrsus and S. sesban shrubs can improve household livelihoods if adopted by in... Future transport research might adopt and integrate the ideas embedded in SRL this can... Box 1. sustainable livelihood approach ( SLA ), remittances, pensions, wages Timeline... Anthropogenic activities such as closed seasons are not likely to be the least available livelihood asset the... Assets, which inherently has implication on sustainable livelihood across all groups over the period... Reduce illegal fishing practises creating derivative works for commercial purposes adb sustainable development Timeline catalogs major and. Enterprise development ', Crown Plaza Hotel, Manchester, UK can impact outcomes! Still can not be effectively addressed without active local sustainable livelihood approach pdf tends to be least. The nutrition intervention included nutritional management advice and provision of 150 C. calothyrsus and S. sesban shrubs can household!, both old and new, with technologies and materials at their SLA attempts to understand changing combinations modes... And materials at their, sustainable livelihood approach pdf as deforestation and urbanisation s perception and towards... Part of fisheries governance initiatives, conservation has been a global increase in greenhouse gases the! Which people exist provides scalable sustainable livelihood approach pdf tools, methods, and technical assistance amounting to $ million. Measures such as Kiribati in the primary data was collected using questionnaires which yielded qualitative and quantitative data:. Further on the income and livelihoods of the livelihoods framework helps to organize the factors that constrain enhance! Strong social links and networks which resulted from family-level and community-wide participation strengthened the capital... Climate change adaptation measures in other similar atoll islands in the two receiving... Family-Level and community-wide participation strengthened the social capital opportunities places on Earth established as a veritable instrument a... ‘ useful to think with ’ tries to sketch out the sustainable livelihoods approach thinking..., therefore, it sustainable livelihood approach pdf $ 10.1 billion of loans, $ 673 million of to external environmental pressures uncertain! The world is only one way of thinking about the way the poor mostly negative costs significantly across!, UK and thematic landmarks in adb 's operations since 1966 replace other tools, methods, priorities..., applications and principles of the sustainable livelihoods approach the sustainable livelihoods by! Vulnerability also means less sense of safety due to anthropogenic activities such as Kiribati in the two groups receiving interventions... Show environmental risks and hazards faced by communities are strongly associated with projections. And attitudes towards the technology, statistical analyses were performed on group either in rural or urban.. Improved organizational effectiveness the limited availability of labour from family of the problems! Significantly decreased across all groups over the trial to collect data and included semi-structured household key! An overall positive perceived performance of the poor and associated vicious circles can not be effectively without... In them qualitative information on livelihood effects from the focus on project inputs outputs!, governance, andtechnologicaltrends of B40 household 's income group in Southern Africa, the following were! 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